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laliberty:

The NSA Revelations All in One Chart
The chart is interactive at the link…

laliberty:

The NSA Revelations All in One Chart

The chart is interactive at the link…

Staunch Gun Control Advocate Brutalized and Beaten Beyond Recognition Now Owns Gun

“I didn’t want a gun. I specifically didn’t want one,” Dittrich said. “I was very much opposed to hav[ing] one, and I guess I got the realization that the police really can’t protect you. They can respond, and they can protect you once they get there. But, you’re on your own.”

(Source: gunrunnerhell)

How British Spies "Seed the Internet with False Info, Control YouTube Pageviews and Manipulate Online Polls"

stopprism:

Thanks to Edward Snowden, we now have proof about an incredible set of tools used by the British equivalent of the NSA, known as the GCHQ, or Government Communications Headquarters. These tools will essentially confirm every single conspiracy theory you could have ever imagined when it comes to propaganda on the Internet. It allows British intelligence officers to: “manipulate the results of online polls, artificially inflate pageview counts on web sites, ‘amplify’ sanctioned messages on YouTube, and censor video content judged to be ‘extremist.’”

Being the creative folks that they are, GCHQ even came up with code words to describe each “product.” These include, UNDERPASS (for poll manipulation), SILVERLORD (for censorship), GESTATOR (for the manipulation of YouTube views), PREDATORS FACE (for DDOS attacks), the list goes on…

Glenn Greenwald writes at The Intercept that:

The secretive British spy agency GCHQ has developed covert tools to seed the internet with false information, including the ability to manipulate the results of online polls, artificially inflate pageview counts on web sites, “amplif[y]” sanctioned messages on YouTube, and censor video content judged to be “extremist.” The capabilities, detailed in documents provided by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden, even include an old standby for pre-adolescent prank callers everywhere: A way to connect two unsuspecting phone users together in a call.

The tools were created by GCHQ’s Joint Threat Research Intelligence Group (JTRIG), and constitute some of the most startling methods of propaganda and internet deception contained within the Snowden archive. Previously disclosed documents have detailed JTRIG’s use of “fake victim blog posts,” “false flag operations,” “honey traps” and psychological manipulation to target online activists, monitor visitors to WikiLeaks, and spy on YouTube and Facebook users.

GCHQ refused to provide any comment on the record beyond its standard boilerplate, in which it claims that it acts “in accordance with a strict legal and policy framework” and is subject to “rigorous oversight.” But both claims are questionable.

 Several GCHQ memos published last fall by The Guardian revealed that the agency was eager to keep its activities secret not to protect national security, but because “our main concern is that references to agency practices (ie, the scale of interception and deletion) could lead to damaging public debate which might lead to legal challenges against the current regime.”

This last line is of crucial importance. The entire point of spying has nothing to do with terrorism, but as many of us have suspected, it is all about protecting and maintaining the status quo.

Oh, and just in case these products aren’t enough fascism for you, no need to fret. We learn that:

And JTRIG urges its GCHQ colleagues to think big when it comes to internet deception: “Don’t treat this like a catalogue. If you don’t see it here, it doesn’t mean we can’t build it.”

So next time you question the number of views on a certain video, or your website experiences a DDOS attack, there may be a intel officer at the other end of the line with a giant sign saying “fuck you mate.” Full article here.

(via boss-of-the-plains)

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"And then you said, ‘Are you single?’ And he said, ‘Don’t worry about it.’"

Kenneth Parcel

thinksquad:

Just a couple weeks ago, we had written about a federal lawsuit concerning whether or not the Justice Department needs a warrant to put a tracking device on cars. In a very prescient manner, a bunch of our commenters started discussing what would happen if they found such a device on their car, and whether or not it would be legal to remove it. Well, now we have a case of exactly that happening.

Apparently a guy named Yasir Afifi, who lives in Silicon Valley, discovered a strange device on his car, when he took it in for an oil change. The friend he was with took some photos and posted them to Reddit, asking if it meant the FBI was after them… or if it was a bomb:

Lots of people in the thread quickly confirmed that it was a tracking device, made by a company who only sold to law enforcement. Then, to confirm things, a couple of days later, the FBI showed up to demand he return the device.

https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20101008/03035211331/guy-finds-fbi-tracking-device-on-car-posts-pics-online-fbi-shows-up-demanding-it-back.shtml

http://www.wired.com/2010/10/fbi-tracking-device/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%253A%2520wired27b%2520%2528Blog%2520-%252027B%2520Stroke%25206%2520%2528Threat%2520Level%2529%2529

(via tombstone-actual)

"The NSA collected “medical records sent from one family member to another, résumés from job hunters and academic transcripts of schoolchildren. In one photo, a young girl in religious dress beams at a camera outside a mosque. Scores of pictures show infants and toddlers in bathtubs, on swings, sprawled on their backs and kissed by their mothers. In some photos, men show off their physiques. In others, women model lingerie, leaning suggestively into a webcam …” Have you ever emailed a photograph of your child in the bathtub, or yourself flexing for the camera or modeling lingerie? If so, it could be your photo in the Washington Post newsroom right now, where it may or may not be secure going forward. In one case, a woman whose private communications were collected by the NSA found herself contacted by a reporter who’d read her correspondence."

The Latest Snowden Leak Is Devastating to NSA Defenders (via azspot)

(via buffleheadcabin)

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Consciousness on-off switch discovered deep in brain - life - 02 July 2014 - New Scientist

wildcat2030:

ONE moment you’re conscious, the next you’re not. For the first time, researchers have switched off consciousness by electrically stimulating a single brain area. Scientists have been probing individual regions of the brain for over a century, exploring their function by zapping them with electricity and temporarily putting them out of action. Despite this, they have never been able to turn off consciousness – until now. Although only tested in one person, the discovery suggests that a single area – the claustrum – might be integral to combining disparate brain activity into a seamless package of thoughts, sensations and emotions. It takes us a step closer to answering a problem that has confounded scientists and philosophers for millennia – namely how our conscious awareness arises. Many theories abound but most agree that consciousness has to involve the integration of activity from several brain networks, allowing us to perceive our surroundings as one single unifying experience rather than isolated sensory perceptions. One proponent of this idea was Francis Crick, a pioneering neuroscientist who earlier in his career had identified the structure of DNA. Just days before he died in July 2004, Crick was working on a paper that suggested our consciousness needs something akin to an orchestra conductor to bind all of our different external and internal perceptions together. With his colleague Christof Koch, at the Allen Institute for Brain Science in Seattle, he hypothesised that this conductor would need to rapidly integrate information across distinct regions of the brain and bind together information arriving at different times. For example, information about the smell and colour of a rose, its name, and a memory of its relevance, can be bound into one conscious experience of being handed a rose on Valentine’s day.
The pair suggested that the claustrum – a thin, sheet-like structure that lies hidden deep inside the brain – is perfectly suited to this job (Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society B, doi.org/djjw5m).

(via buffleheadcabin)

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"One expert suggested that the NSA’s intention here was to separate the sheep from the goats — to split the entire population of the Internet into ‘people who have the technical know-how to be private’ and ‘people who don’t’ and then capture all the communications from the first group."

Users of Tor Network Identified for Longterm Surveillance Interest (via antigovernmentextremist)

(via sds)

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"We thought that after the Bush-Ashcroft-Gonzales years that Barack Obama and Eric Holder were our friends. They are not. While the president has said he supports whistleblowers for their ‘courage and patriotism,’ his Justice Department is prosecuting more of them for allegedly talking to the press or ‘leaking’ than all the other presidents in the history of the United States."

Lowell Bergman (via azspot)

(via azspot)

vicemag:

Is NSA Surveillance Mastermind Keith Alexander Selling US Secrets to Wall Street?
Perhaps you already assume that there’s some kind of twisted marriage between Wall Street megabanks and the US global surveillance regime. Why wouldn’t there be? But not even a total cynic could have anticipated spymaster Keith Alexander cashing in this hard, this fast.
As Bloomberg recently reported, the former National Security Agency chief, who resigned in March at the age of 62, quickly offered his cyber-security expertise at the eye-popping price of $1 million per month to an assortment of shady business lobbies. And now at least one member of Congress is probing this most delightfully dystopian of arrangements, raising the possibility that Alexander will be shamed out of the practice, if nothing else.
“Disclosing or misusing classified information for profit is, as Mr. Alexander well knows, a felony. I question how Mr. Alexander can provide any of the services he is offering unless he discloses or misuses classified information, including extremely sensitive sources and methods,” Florida Democratic Rep. Alan Grayson wrote one of the business groups, the Security Industries and Financial Markets Association (SIFMA), which holds it down for Wall Street in Washington. “Without the classified information that he acquired in his former position, he literally would have nothing to offer to you.”
In an interview Monday, Grayson was even more strident in his criticism.
"Frankly, what the general is doing is beginning to resemble an extortion racket," he told me. "This is a man who basically lied for a living, and he continues to do that."
Continue

vicemag:

Is NSA Surveillance Mastermind Keith Alexander Selling US Secrets to Wall Street?

Perhaps you already assume that there’s some kind of twisted marriage between Wall Street megabanks and the US global surveillance regime. Why wouldn’t there be? But not even a total cynic could have anticipated spymaster Keith Alexander cashing in this hard, this fast.

As Bloomberg recently reported, the former National Security Agency chief, who resigned in March at the age of 62, quickly offered his cyber-security expertise at the eye-popping price of $1 million per month to an assortment of shady business lobbies. And now at least one member of Congress is probing this most delightfully dystopian of arrangements, raising the possibility that Alexander will be shamed out of the practice, if nothing else.

“Disclosing or misusing classified information for profit is, as Mr. Alexander well knows, a felony. I question how Mr. Alexander can provide any of the services he is offering unless he discloses or misuses classified information, including extremely sensitive sources and methods,” Florida Democratic Rep. Alan Grayson wrote one of the business groups, the Security Industries and Financial Markets Association (SIFMA), which holds it down for Wall Street in Washington. “Without the classified information that he acquired in his former position, he literally would have nothing to offer to you.”

In an interview Monday, Grayson was even more strident in his criticism.

"Frankly, what the general is doing is beginning to resemble an extortion racket," he told me. "This is a man who basically lied for a living, and he continues to do that."

Continue

"This paradox between our affluence as consumers and our precariousness as workers poses economic, political, and moral conundrums. If we can produce more with less, and workers become redundant, who will buy the goods? A robot can make a mobile phone but it cannot purchase one. Workers are also consumers. Fire your workers, your profits will rise until the day no one can afford to buy your product. Henry Ford was a visionary for paying his workers enough so they could buy his cars. Ultimately, our production possibilities frontier and so our societal wealth is determined by our level of technology. That keeps expanding. Thus every year we should be richer. Each generation should be better off than its parents. That we are not is a problem of distribution."

The Central Paradox of the 21st Century (via azspot)

(via azspot)

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rtamerica:

Germany gives Verizon the boot over NSA spying scandal
Citing concerns over the NSA’s wiretapping of Chancellor Angela Merkel and other top officials’ phones, the German Interior Ministry announced Thursday that it will not renew its contract with Verizon to provide service for government ministries.
As part of an effort to revamp its secure communications networks, the country will instead rely on Germany’s Deutsche Telekom, Reuters reported.
Since the beginning of the NSA scandal, US businesses have expressed concern over the potential blowback of the revelations on their bottom lines. Fearing foreign governments and other firms will no longer trust them to provide secure products and services, they’ve pushed back against the government, demanding more transparency of how the intelligence community operates.

rtamerica:

Germany gives Verizon the boot over NSA spying scandal

Citing concerns over the NSA’s wiretapping of Chancellor Angela Merkel and other top officials’ phones, the German Interior Ministry announced Thursday that it will not renew its contract with Verizon to provide service for government ministries.

As part of an effort to revamp its secure communications networks, the country will instead rely on Germany’s Deutsche Telekom, Reuters reported.

Since the beginning of the NSA scandal, US businesses have expressed concern over the potential blowback of the revelations on their bottom lines. Fearing foreign governments and other firms will no longer trust them to provide secure products and services, they’ve pushed back against the government, demanding more transparency of how the intelligence community operates.

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laliberty:

Cop shoots unarmed great-grandfather at family picnic, faces no consequences

Two police officers crashed a family cookout to harass a man who was not wanted or suspected of any crimes, then shot the man’s elderly father and allegedly planted a gun on him, according to numerous witnesses.
This incident took place in the town of Homer, home to only 3,800 residents.  The poor, northern Louisiana town had made it a priority for its 8-cop roster to get “tough on drugs.”
In doing so, Homer Police officers were instructed to stop and question young black males without cause, and to go after certain individuals for targeted harassment.  One of these specific targets was 38-year-old Shaun Monroe.
Shaun Monroe was not wanted for any crimes and had no warrants for his arrest.  There was no tangible or legal reason that the police should have been harassing him, yet officers were told that if they ever saw him carrying a black bag, that they should stop and search him because the bag “probably contained drugs.”  On the afternoon of Friday, February 20th, 2009, two officers intruded upon a family cookout for exactly that reason.
The cookout was hosted by Bernard Monroe, Sr., and his wife Louise, Shaun’s elderly parents.  Numerous family members and friends were present, enjoying a day of laughter and food.  The Monroes had 5 children, 18 grandchildren and 15 great-grandchildren, many of whom were present.  Bernard, 73, was a retired electrical utility worker and was mute because of surgeries undertaken to survive throat cancer, but was seen sitting and enjoying himself as the day progressed.
Shaun was parked in the driveway, sitting in his car, as HPD officers stalked him from nearby. Officers would later claim that they saw a black bag, but no other witnesses corroborated that.  When Shaun got out and mixed in with his family, HPD officers Tim Cox and Joseph Henry marched onto the property without a warrant to question and harass him — an individual that they had been told would be an easy target for a drug arrest, according to the investigation of Louisiana Assistant Attorney General Kurt Wall.
When police attempted to confront Shaun, he backed away, likely because he knew of the unjust methodologies of the local police against his demographic. “[Officers] Henry and Cox entered the [Monroe] property, without permission or cause, and began chasing Shaun Monroe,” a subsequentlawsuit alleged.  The cops then entered the house.  “Each of these actions was without legal justification,” the lawsuit stated.
The New York Times described the chaotic scene, and the tragedy that came next:

[W]hen Officer Henry called his name, Shaun Monroe darted behind the house, went back around the front and ran inside. Officer Cox followed and chased him through the house, a chase that, the lawsuit argues, was “without just cause” or legal justification.
Shaun Monroe burst out of the front door and was at the front gate when Officer Henry, who was in the yard, hit him with a Taser. Seconds later, Officer Cox reached the front screen door from the inside, witnesses said, as the elder Mr. Monroe was walking up the steps to the porch.
Officer Cox told investigators that the elder Mr. Monroe had picked up a pistol he kept on the porch and was aiming it at Officer Henry. All of the civilian witnesses say Mr. Monroe was carrying only a sports drink bottle.
But this is not in dispute: Mr. Cox shot Mr. Monroe seven times in the chest, side and back. Several witnesses said they saw a police officer later place the pistol next to Mr. Monroe’s body, but the police officers said that was because it had been moved when they were checking his wounds.

Bernard had no conceivable reason to aim a gun at a police officer, and witnesses maintained that he simply stood up from his folding chair and approached the house to see what was the commotion.
“[Officer] Cox, who was inside the Monroes’ house at the time, unlawfully and repeatedly fired his gun through the screen door at Bernard Monroe, Sr., while he was standing harmlessly on his own front porch,” stated a lawsuit.
Louise immediately came outside to comfort her husband of over 50 years, as he lay bleeding on the sidewalk.  Bernard’s wounds were fatal and he soon passed away in front of his traumatized family.
“[Officer Cox] just shot him through the screen door,” said Denise Nicholson, a family friend who witnessed the shooting from a few feet away. “After [Bernard Monroe] was on the ground, we kept asking the officer to call an ambulance, but all he did was get on his radio and say, ‘Officer in distress.’”
Officer Cox had only been on the department for a couple of weeks at the time he pulled the trigger.  Most concerning was the alleged coverup that transpired, which involved Cox’s partner shifting evidence around in order to manufacture a justification for the shooting.  The Los Angeles Times revealsfurther details:

The witnesses said the second officer [Joseph Henry] picked up a handgun that [Bernard] Monroe, an avid hunter, always kept in plain sight on the porch for protection. Using a latex glove, the officer grasped the gun by its handle, the witnesses said, and ordered everyone to back away. The next thing they said they saw was the gun next to Monroe’s body.
“I saw him pick up the gun off the porch,” Marcus Frazier said. “I said, ‘What are you doing?’ The cop told me, ‘Shut the hell up, you don’t know what you’re talking about.’ “


Bernard and Louise Monroe had been together for over 50 years.

The shooting shocked the and community and inflamed a racial tension that had been brewing for some time because of institutional police harassment.
“People here are afraid of the police,” said Terry Willis, vice president of the Homer branch of the National Assn. for the Advancement of Colored People. “They harass black people, they stop people for no reason and rough them up without charging them with anything.”
“When you have 12 witnesses that say the man did not have a gun and he was gunned down by police, what are you supposed to believe? We are left with the belief that police in Homer have a license to kill.”
Yet policing by fear was the strategy all along, according to Homer Police Chief Russell Mills, who noted the high rates of prohibition-related arrests in the neighborhood.
“If I see three or four young black men walking down the street, I have to stop them and check their names,” said Chief Mills to the LA Times. “I want them to be afraid every time they see the police that they might get arrested.”
The evidence was presented before a grand jury, but they declined to indict Officer Tim Cox on criminal charges for the shooting.
“I am so disappointed,” the Rev. Willie Young, Sr., said to USA Today. “When you have 12 witnesses that say the man did not have a gun and he was gunned down by police, what are you supposed to believe? We are left with the belief that police in Homer have a license to kill.”
* * * * *
The civil lawsuit that was filed in Claiborne Parish on behalf of the Monroe family sought damages for the wrongful death of the Bernard Monroe, Sr., and the emotional distress suffered by family members. The town’s board of selectmen approved a settlement agreement for an undisclosed amount of money.
Despite the settlement, the town did not admit any liability. Tim Cox is still a free man and the only party that was punished was the taxpayers.
In perhaps an unrelated footnote, the Homer Town Council voted to disband the local police department in 2013, instead opting to utilize the services of the sheriff’s department.  As of mid-2013, Russell Mills was still employed by the town of Homer as the Town Marshal.
Bernard Monroe is just one of numerous innocent victims that have been killed as a result of America’s violent and malicious War on Drugs.  Giving the police such a broad and unnecessary excuse to initiate stops is an invitation for inevitable tragedies.  Removing the root cause of the confrontation — attempted prohibition enforcement — would mean that Mr. Monroe and scores of other Drug War casualties might still be alive today.


The seemingly never-ending cycle: the state’s agents commit brutal injustices, and only the taxpayers suffer any consequences.

laliberty:

Cop shoots unarmed great-grandfather at family picnic, faces no consequences

Two police officers crashed a family cookout to harass a man who was not wanted or suspected of any crimes, then shot the man’s elderly father and allegedly planted a gun on him, according to numerous witnesses.

This incident took place in the town of Homer, home to only 3,800 residents.  The poor, northern Louisiana town had made it a priority for its 8-cop roster to get “tough on drugs.”

In doing so, Homer Police officers were instructed to stop and question young black males without cause, and to go after certain individuals for targeted harassment.  One of these specific targets was 38-year-old Shaun Monroe.

Shaun Monroe was not wanted for any crimes and had no warrants for his arrest.  There was no tangible or legal reason that the police should have been harassing him, yet officers were told that if they ever saw him carrying a black bag, that they should stop and search him because the bag “probably contained drugs.”  On the afternoon of Friday, February 20th, 2009, two officers intruded upon a family cookout for exactly that reason.

The cookout was hosted by Bernard Monroe, Sr., and his wife Louise, Shaun’s elderly parents.  Numerous family members and friends were present, enjoying a day of laughter and food.  The Monroes had 5 children, 18 grandchildren and 15 great-grandchildren, many of whom were present.  Bernard, 73, was a retired electrical utility worker and was mute because of surgeries undertaken to survive throat cancer, but was seen sitting and enjoying himself as the day progressed.

Shaun was parked in the driveway, sitting in his car, as HPD officers stalked him from nearby. Officers would later claim that they saw a black bag, but no other witnesses corroborated that.  When Shaun got out and mixed in with his family, HPD officers Tim Cox and Joseph Henry marched onto the property without a warrant to question and harass him — an individual that they had been told would be an easy target for a drug arrest, according to the investigation of Louisiana Assistant Attorney General Kurt Wall.

When police attempted to confront Shaun, he backed away, likely because he knew of the unjust methodologies of the local police against his demographic. “[Officers] Henry and Cox entered the [Monroe] property, without permission or cause, and began chasing Shaun Monroe,” a subsequentlawsuit alleged.  The cops then entered the house.  “Each of these actions was without legal justification,” the lawsuit stated.

The New York Times described the chaotic scene, and the tragedy that came next:

[W]hen Officer Henry called his name, Shaun Monroe darted behind the house, went back around the front and ran inside. Officer Cox followed and chased him through the house, a chase that, the lawsuit argues, was “without just cause” or legal justification.

Shaun Monroe burst out of the front door and was at the front gate when Officer Henry, who was in the yard, hit him with a Taser. Seconds later, Officer Cox reached the front screen door from the inside, witnesses said, as the elder Mr. Monroe was walking up the steps to the porch.

Officer Cox told investigators that the elder Mr. Monroe had picked up a pistol he kept on the porch and was aiming it at Officer Henry. All of the civilian witnesses say Mr. Monroe was carrying only a sports drink bottle.

But this is not in dispute: Mr. Cox shot Mr. Monroe seven times in the chest, side and back. Several witnesses said they saw a police officer later place the pistol next to Mr. Monroe’s body, but the police officers said that was because it had been moved when they were checking his wounds.

Bernard had no conceivable reason to aim a gun at a police officer, and witnesses maintained that he simply stood up from his folding chair and approached the house to see what was the commotion.

“[Officer] Cox, who was inside the Monroes’ house at the time, unlawfully and repeatedly fired his gun through the screen door at Bernard Monroe, Sr., while he was standing harmlessly on his own front porch,” stated a lawsuit.

Louise immediately came outside to comfort her husband of over 50 years, as he lay bleeding on the sidewalk.  Bernard’s wounds were fatal and he soon passed away in front of his traumatized family.

“[Officer Cox] just shot him through the screen door,” said Denise Nicholson, a family friend who witnessed the shooting from a few feet away. “After [Bernard Monroe] was on the ground, we kept asking the officer to call an ambulance, but all he did was get on his radio and say, ‘Officer in distress.’”

Officer Cox had only been on the department for a couple of weeks at the time he pulled the trigger.  Most concerning was the alleged coverup that transpired, which involved Cox’s partner shifting evidence around in order to manufacture a justification for the shooting.  The Los Angeles Times revealsfurther details:

The witnesses said the second officer [Joseph Henry] picked up a handgun that [Bernard] Monroe, an avid hunter, always kept in plain sight on the porch for protection. Using a latex glove, the officer grasped the gun by its handle, the witnesses said, and ordered everyone to back away. The next thing they said they saw was the gun next to Monroe’s body.

“I saw him pick up the gun off the porch,” Marcus Frazier said. “I said, ‘What are you doing?’ The cop told me, ‘Shut the hell up, you don’t know what you’re talking about.’ “

Bernard and Louise Monroe had been together for over 50 years.

The shooting shocked the and community and inflamed a racial tension that had been brewing for some time because of institutional police harassment.

“People here are afraid of the police,” said Terry Willis, vice president of the Homer branch of the National Assn. for the Advancement of Colored People. “They harass black people, they stop people for no reason and rough them up without charging them with anything.”

“When you have 12 witnesses that say the man did not have a gun and he was gunned down by police, what are you supposed to believe? We are left with the belief that police in Homer have a license to kill.”

Yet policing by fear was the strategy all along, according to Homer Police Chief Russell Mills, who noted the high rates of prohibition-related arrests in the neighborhood.

“If I see three or four young black men walking down the street, I have to stop them and check their names,” said Chief Mills to the LA Times. “I want them to be afraid every time they see the police that they might get arrested.”

The evidence was presented before a grand jury, but they declined to indict Officer Tim Cox on criminal charges for the shooting.

“I am so disappointed,” the Rev. Willie Young, Sr., said to USA Today. “When you have 12 witnesses that say the man did not have a gun and he was gunned down by police, what are you supposed to believe? We are left with the belief that police in Homer have a license to kill.”

* * * * *

The civil lawsuit that was filed in Claiborne Parish on behalf of the Monroe family sought damages for the wrongful death of the Bernard Monroe, Sr., and the emotional distress suffered by family members. The town’s board of selectmen approved a settlement agreement for an undisclosed amount of money.

Despite the settlement, the town did not admit any liability. Tim Cox is still a free man and the only party that was punished was the taxpayers.

In perhaps an unrelated footnote, the Homer Town Council voted to disband the local police department in 2013, instead opting to utilize the services of the sheriff’s department.  As of mid-2013, Russell Mills was still employed by the town of Homer as the Town Marshal.

Bernard Monroe is just one of numerous innocent victims that have been killed as a result of America’s violent and malicious War on Drugs.  Giving the police such a broad and unnecessary excuse to initiate stops is an invitation for inevitable tragedies.  Removing the root cause of the confrontation — attempted prohibition enforcement — would mean that Mr. Monroe and scores of other Drug War casualties might still be alive today.

The seemingly never-ending cycle: the state’s agents commit brutal injustices, and only the taxpayers suffer any consequences.